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Cancer Research and Treatment > Volume 34(4); 2002 > Article
Cancer Research and Treatment 2002;34(4): 258-263. doi: https://doi.org/10.4143/crt.2002.34.4.258
Altered Retinoblastoma Protein Expression and Proliferative Activity in Urethane Induced Mouse Lung Tumorigenesis
Jin Haeng Chung, Ja June Jang, Min Jae Lee, Eul Keun Ham
1Department of Pathology, Korea Cancer Center Hospital,Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Pathology, Seoul National University Collegeof Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  Published online: August 31, 2002.
Lung cancer develops through a multistage process involving the accumulation of diverse genetic alterations. To gain an understanding of the roles played by tumor suppressor gene proteins and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in chemical carcinogen-induced mouse lung tumorigenesis, we examined the expression of retinoblastoma protein (Rb), p53, and PCNA in normal lung tissues and urethane-induced mouse lung tumors.
ICR mice were given urethane by intra-peritoneal injection, and sacrificed at 5, 13, 21, 31, and 37 weeks following treatment. Sequential morphological changes and the immunohistochemical expression of Rb protein, p53, and (PCNA), during mouse lung tumorigenesis, were examined.
During the carcinogenesis, sequential histological changes from hyperplasia of type II pneumocytes, to adenomas, and ultimately to overt adenocarcinomas were noted. Intense nuclear staining of the Rb protein was observed in normal and hyperplastic alveolar epithelial cells and adenomas. In adenocarcinomas, the Rb protein expression was significantly diminished. The p53 mutant protein was not detected in any lesion. The PCNA labeling index increased along with the advance in the histological grade.
The above results indicate that mouse pulmonary adenocarcinomas develop through premalignant lesions, and down-regulation of the Rb protein expression may be implicated in the urethane-induced mouse lung tumorigenesis. In addition, the PCNA labeling index may reflect the malignant potential during the tumor progression.
Key words: Lung neoplasm;Tumorigenesis;Urethane;Rb protein
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