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J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 31(3); 1999 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 1999;31(3): 448-457.
Combined Resection in Advanced Gastric Cancer
Dong Woo Shin, Chang Hak Yoo, Sung Hoon Noh, Jin Sik Min
Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
Prognosis of primary gastric cancer invading neighboring organs is very poor. However, with en bloc resection, a relatively favorable prognosis can be expected even in patients with such advanced cancer. But there has been controversy on the effectiveness of gastrectomy combined with en bloc resection of the invaded organs, and we conducted this study to evaluate the prognostic effects as well as the outcome of the combined resection.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Among 2,603 who underwent gastrectomy due to gastric carcinoma from January 1987 to December 1994 at the Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 157 patients (6.0%) in whom curative combined resections of grossly invaded adjacent organs (cT4) were perfonned entered this study. Any case with distant metastasis was excluded. Comparisons and multivariate analysis between the invasion (pT3) group and the non-invasion (pT4) group were made for age, sex, tumor size, location, Borrmann type, depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis, histologic type and 5-year survival rate.
RESULTS:
One-organ combined resection was done in 60 (38.2%) patients; Two-organ, in 80 (51.0%) patients; and three-organ, in 17 (10.8%) patients. Most commonly combined organ was distal pancreas and transverse colon was the next. Histologic confirmation of invasion was made in 40.9%. 157 patients with T4 were divided into pT3 or pT4. Significant differences were found in type of operation, location of tumor, and TNM staging. Postoperative complications of combined resection were observed in 48 cases (30.6%) and the wound infection was the most frequent one. There were only 2 cases (1.3%) of immediate postoperative mortality in the combined group, and the causes of death were pulmonary complication and acute renal failure. Five-year survival rate (5-YSR) of pT3 group was 43.0% and that of pT4 was 26.2%. In comparison of 5-YSR according to TNM stages, no significant difference was found between pT3 and pT4 (45.0% vs. 66.7% in IIIa; 25.4% vs. 18.4% in IV). No difference of 5-YSR was observed in the groups categorized according to the number of resected organs. The comparison of 5-YSR between the 157 curatively-combined cases and the 63 palliatively-combined cases showed a significant difference (35.6% vs. 4.2%, p=0.000). Multivariate analysis showed that lymph node metastasis and microscopic tumor invasion served as significant parametets.
CONCLUSION:
En bloc combined resection of adjacent invaded organs along with systematic lymph node dissection would be beneficial to gastric cancer patients with neighboring organ invasion.
Key words: Gastric cancer;Invasion of adjacent organs;Combined resection
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