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J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 31(5); 1999 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 1999;31(5): 898-911.
Type of Intestinal Metaplasia in the Surrounding Mucosa of Gastric Carcinoma and Expression of bcl-2, p53 and c-erbB-2 Prtein in Gastric Carcinoma
Seung Che Cho, Kun Young Kwon
1Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Konkuk University, Chungju, Korea.
2Department of Pathology, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Taegu, Korea.
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
This study was carried out to clarify significance of types of intestinal metaplasia and roles of bcl-2, p53 and c-erbB-2 protein in the development of gastric carcinoma.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Total one hundred fifty nine cases of surgically resected stomachs with benign ulcer (n=21), dysplasia (n=18) and gastric carcinoma (n=120) were studied histologically, histochemically and immunohistochemically.
RESULTS:
Type III intestinal metaplasia was significantly more common in the carcinoma patients in older age group. Bcl-2 expression was found in 94.4% cases of dysplasia and 75.0% cases of carcinoma. Positivity for bcl-2 protein was significantly higher in intestinal type carcinomas than in diffuse type carcinomas (p=0.000). The expression of p53 protein showed 50.0% cases of dysplasia and 49.2% cases of carcinoma. The expression of p53 protein was significantly correlated with depth of invasion (p=0.000), regional lymph node metastasis (p=0.001), and tumor size (p=0.001). C-erbB-2 protein was only expressed in 15.0% cases of carcinoma. The expression of c-erbB-2 protein was found more often in advanced carcinomas (p=0.001) and carcinomas with regional lymph node metastasis (p=0.003).
CONCLUSION:
Type III intestinal metaplasia was associated with age, but not with types of gastric carcinoma. Bcl-2 protein is probably involved in dysplastic lesion of gastric carcinogenic sequence and associated with intestinal type carcinoma, and p53 protein is also involved in dysplasia. p53 protein and c-erbB-2 protein may have a role of tumor invasion and nodal metastasis as poor prognostic factors.
Key words: Intestinal metaplasia;Gastric carcinoma;bcl-2 protein;p53 protein;c-erbB-2 protein
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