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J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 31(5); 1999 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 1999;31(5): 1003-1010.
5-Fluorouracil, Leucovorin ( FL ) Combination Chemotherapy in Advanced or Recurrent Colo - rectal Cancer
Jeong Hwan Cho, Hyuk Chan Kwon, Hyo Jin Kim
Department of Internal Medicine, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Pusan, Korea.
We studied the effectiveness and toxicities of 5-fluorouracil+leucovorin, combination chemotherapy in advanced or recurred colo-rectal cancer patients, who didn't have previous chemotherapy and enrolled from August 1993 to July 1998.
All patients were treated with leucovorin followed by 5-fluorouracil for 5 consecutive days every 4 weeks. Among 43 patients who were enrolled, 40 patients received treatment at least 2 courses, and they were evaluable. Male to female ratio was 21 to 19. In serum CEA level, 27 patients were greater than 5 ng/ml and 13 were less than 5 ng/ml. And primary site was colon in 21 patients and rectum in 19 patients.
The complete response rate was 7,5% and the partial response rate was 25%. The median survival duration was 14.7 months, the median response duration was 16.0 months, and median time to progression was 7.3 months. In the analysis of response, survival duration, time to progression according to various characteristics of patients, serum CEA level and liver involvement were revealed significant difference in survival duration, time to progression (p=0.0122, 00350 & 0.0202, 0.0123) on univariate analysis, but no significant difference on multivariates. Hematologic and non-hematologic toxicities were mild and tolerable.
This study indicates that the combination of 5-fluorouracil (370 mg/m) and leucovorin (20 mg/m) is effective and tolerable regimen in advanced or recurred colo-rectal cancer patients without previous chemotherapy.
Key words: Advanced;Recurrent;Colo-rectal cancer;Leucovorin;Combination chemotherapy
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