| Home | E-Submission | Sitemap | Contact Us |  
J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 32(6); 2000 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 2000;32(6): 1059-1066.
High Dose Chemotherapy with Ifosfamide, Carboplatin, and Etoposide Followed by Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation in Breast Cancer
Soo Mee Bang, Se Hoon Lee, Eun Kyung Cho, Jung Ae Lee, Young Suk Park, Dong Bok Shin, Jae Hoon Lee, Yung Jue Bang, Seonyang Park, Byoung Kook Kim, Noe Kyeong Kim
1Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. seonpark@plaza.snu.ac.kr
2Department of Internal Medicine, Gachon Medical SchoolSeoul, Korea.
3Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
To establish the feasibility of high dose ifosfamide, carboplatin, and etoposide (ICE) chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in patients with high-risk or metastatic breast cancer.
High-risk breast cancer is defined as 10 or more involved axillary lymph nodes (n=3) or stage III (n=2). Patients with metastatic cancer have relapsed diseases after curative resection (n=10) or initially metastatic lesion (n=1). Colony stimulating factor with either cyclophosphamide or combination chemotherapy was administered to mobilize the stem cells. High dose chemotherapy consisted of ifosfamide 16 g/m2, carboplatin 1.8 g/m2, and etoposide 0.75 g/m2 (dose I) and later modified to ifosfamide 12 g/m2, carboplatin 1.35 g/m2, and etoposide 1.2 g/m2 (dose II).
The median duration of grunulocyte nadir (<500/ microliter) was 11 (10~17) days and platelet transfusion dependency (<20,000/ microliter) was 11 (7~53) days in 14 patients who achieved engraftment. One out of 5 patients with high-risk breast cancer relapsed after high dose therapy. Two patients remain disease-free at 18th and 40th months. Two among the 4 patients treated with dose I died due to treatment-related complications. The responses of metastatic diseases to ICE chemotherapy were 1 continuing CR, 1 CR, 1 PR, 4 SD and 3 PD in 10 evaluable patients.
High dose ICE chemotherapy, especially dose II and ASCT were feasible in high-risk or metastatic breast cancer.
Key words: High dose chemotherapy;Autologous stem cell transplantation;Breast neoplasm
Editorial Office
Korean Cancer Association
Room 1824, Gwanghwamun Officia
92 Saemunan-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03186, Korea
TEL: +82-2-3276-2410   FAX: +82-2-792-1410   E-mail: journal@cancer.or.kr
About |  Browse Articles |  Current Issue |  For Authors and Reviewers
Copyright © Korean Cancer Association.                 Developed in M2PI