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J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 33(1); 2001 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 2001;33(1): 84-91.
Clinical Significance of p53, c-erbB-2, Chromogranin A and PCNA in the Ampullary Carcinoma
Ki Hwan Kim, Sun Whe Kim, Woo Ho Kim, Yong Hyun Park
1Department of Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Pathology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
To determine the clinical significance of p53, c-erbB-2, chromogranin A (CgA), proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression in ampullary carcinoma, a retrospective study was performed.
The cases of 96 patients who underwent curative resection for ampullary carcinoma during the ten-year period (1986-95) were reviewed. And, using paraffin-embedded tumor tissues, immunohistochemical (IHC) staining for p53, c-erbB-2, CgA, and PCNA was performed.
The overall five-year survival rate (5-YSR) for these 96 patients was 58%. With regard to TNM stage, the 5-YSR was 71% for stage I (n=36), 62% for stage II (n=29), and 39% for stage III (n=31), respectively. IHC expression rate was 17.6% for c-erbB-2, 19.2% for CgA, and 42.9% for p53. The relative proportion of labelling index of PCNA (<25%, 25-50%, >50%) was 30.8%, 25.3%, and 44.0%, respectively. The PCNA labelling index showedsignificant correlation with tumor size (p=0.032). The PCNA labelling index, c-erbB-2, CgA and p53 were not correlated to extent of invasion, lymph node metastasis, stage, or histologic type. CgA and c-erbB-2 expression and the PCNA labelling index thus had no prognostic value. With regard to p53, the 5-YSR of p53 negative cases was 68.6%; that of p53 positive cases was 47%, with significant difference (p=0.038).
This result suggests that p53 expression is related to poor prognosis of ampullary carcinoma, and that c-erbB-2 and CgA expression, and the PCNA labelling index, are not significant prognostic factors.
Key words: Ampullary carcinoma;p53 protein;Chromogranin A;c-erbB-2 gene;Proliferating cell nuclear antigen
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