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Cancer Research and Treatment > Volume 34(5); 2002 > Article
Cancer Research and Treatment 2002;34(5): 365-371. doi: https://doi.org/10.4143/crt.2002.34.5.365
Results of Curative Radiotherapy Alone in Patients with Uterine Cervical Carcinomas
Taek Keun Nam, Byung Sik Nah, Sung Ja Ahn, Woong Ki Chung, Ho Seon Choi, Yoon Kyeong Oh
1Department of Radiation Oncology, Chosun University MedicalSchool, Korea. tknam@chosun.ac.kr
2Department of Radiation Oncology, Chonnam University MedicalSchool, Gwangju, Korea.
3Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Chonnam UniversityMedical School, Gwangju, Korea.
  Published online: October 31, 2002.
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
To evaluate the role of curative radiotherapy alone in the treatment of uterine cervical carcinomas, by a retrospective analysis with respects to survival and pelvic control, and to find any risk factors of failure
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Between Jan. 1990 and Dec. 1995, a total of 187 patients, diagnosed with uterine cervical carcinomas in FIGO stages greater than IA, were treated by curative radiotherapy alone with no chemotherapy. The ages of the patients ranged from 26 to 80 years, with a median of 60 years. The number of patients diagnosed with squamous cell carcinomas were 183 (97.9%). The number of patients with FIGO stage IB1, IB2, IIA, IIB, IIIA, IIIB and IVA were 61 (32.6%), 7 (3.7%), 43 (23.0%), 62 (33.3%), 3 (1.6%), 7 (3.7%) and 4 (2.1%), respectively. External radiotherapy was performed with 6 MV or 10 MV X-rays, with a dose range of 19.8 Gy~ 50.4 Gy (median; 30.6), to whole pelvis. Intracavitary radiation (ICR) was then performed using a high-dose rate remote controlled afterloader with radioisotopes of Co-60 and Cs-137. The fraction size of the ICR was 5 Gy twice a week, and was delivered up to total doses of 10 Gy~ 55 Gy (median; 40). After the ICR, additional pelvic external radiotherapy with midline shielding width of 4 cm was performed with the dose range of 0~30.6 Gy (median; 19.8), and the resultant total doses of A points ranged between 49.8 Gy and 86.0 Gy (median; 70.6).
RESULTS:
The five-year overall survival rates of FIGO IB1, IB2, IIA, IIB, III and IVA were 88.3%, 83.3%, 86.1%, 65.2%, 60.0% and 50.0%, respectively (p=0.005). The pelvic control rates of each stage were 90.1%, 85.7%, 86.1%, 69.4%, 68.6% and 50.0%, respectively (p=0.03). From the multivariate analysis, the radiation response and tumor diameter were found to be significant factors affecting the overall survival. The significant factors influencing pelvic control were the radiation response and pre-treatment hemoglobin level.
CONCLUSION:
The radiation response and tumor diameter were significant factors affecting survival, so patients with tumor diameters greater than 4 cm should be considered for a combined modality, such as concurrent chemoradiotherapy.
Key words: Uterine cervical carcinoma;Radiotherapy;Survival;Pelvic control;Prognostic factor
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