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Cancer Research and Treatment > Volume 35(2); 2003 > Article
Cancer Research and Treatment 2003;35(2): 117-122. doi: https://doi.org/10.4143/crt.2003.35.2.117
Pilot Study of Heptaplatin, UFT-E and Leucovorin in Advanced Gastric Carcinoma
Sang Cheul Oh, So Young Yoon, Jae Hong Seo, Chul Won Choi, Byung Soo Kim, Sang Won Shin, Yeul Hong Kim, Si Young Kim, Hwi Joong Yoon, Kyung Sam Cho, Jun Suk Kim
1Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University, Korea.yhk0215@kumc.or.kr
2Department of Internal Medicine, Kyung Hee University,Seoul, Korea.
  Published online: April 30, 2003.
Heptaplatin (SKI-2053R, Sunpla ), a new platinum analogue which has a better toxicity profile than cisplatin, has been used with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) continuous infusion for the treatment of advanced gastric carcinoma. However, continuous 5-FU infusion had a inconvenience to administration. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of heptaplatin, UFT-E and leucovorin combination chemotherapy in advanced gastric cancer.
A total of 22 patients was enrolled in this study at Kyung Hee University and Korea University from September 1999 to May 2001. Heptaplatin 400 mg/m2 was given as intravenous infusion for 1 hour at day 1. Oral UFT-E 360 mg/m2 and leucovorin 45 mg/day were administered for 21 consecutive days followed by a 7-day drug free interval. This schedule was repeated every 4 weeks.
The 22 enrolled patients received 81 courses of chemotherapy and the median number of course per patient was three with a range of one to six. Five of 21 patients achieved partial responses (23.8%; 95% confidence interval, 5.6% to 42%) without complete response. Out of the 5 responding patients, three had unresectable perigastric lymph-nodes, one patient had a ovarian metastasis, and one patient had a peritoneal metastasis respectively. Main toxicities were neutropenia and nausea/vomiting. Grade 3 and 4 neutropenia were observed in 4 patients (18%) and grade 3 nausea/vomiting were observed in 5 patients (22.7%). The median time to progression was 4 months (range, 0.5 to 13 months), and median survival duration was 7.5 months (range, 2.0 to 14 months). Median response duration was 5.0 months (range, 1.5 to 10 months).
A combination chemotherapy of heptaplatin, UFT-E and leucovorin has a comparable efficacy with those of previously reported heptaplatin and intravenous regimen of 5-FU and controllable toxicity in advanced gastric carcinoma. Further study with large patient population is warranted to determine the usefulness of this regimen.
Key words: Stomach neoplasm;Heptaplatin;UFT-E
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