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Cancer Research and Treatment > Volume 35(6); 2003 > Article
Cancer Research and Treatment 2003;35(6): 478-482. doi: https://doi.org/10.4143/crt.2003.35.6.478
Telomerase Activity in Gastric Adenocarcinomas: Frozen Tissues Versus Methacarn-fixed Paraffin-embedded Tissues
Jinyoung Yoo, Seok Jin Kang, Chang Suk Kang
Department of Pathology, St. Vincent's Hospital, TheCatholic University of Korea, Suwon, Korea.sjkang@wincent.cuk.ac.kr
  Published online: December 31, 2003.
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
Telomerase is an RNA-dependent DNA polymerase that synthesizes TTAGGG telomeric DNA onto chromosome ends to compensate for sequence loss during DNA replication. It has been detected in 85~90% of all primary human cancers, implicating that its apparent reactivation in tumors may play a role in the tumorigenic process. The purpose of this study was to evaluate telomerase activity in stomach cancer, and to determine whether methacarn-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues can replace frozen tissue sections for the telomerase (TRAP) assay.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Frozen and corresponding methacarn-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples were obtained from 51 patients with gastric adenocarcinoma and analyzed for telomerase activity by using a TRAPeze ELISA kit.
RESULTS:
Telomerase activity was detected in 37 (73%) frozen samples, and in 13 (25%) methacarn-fixed paraffin blocks. Telomerase activity was well correlated with depth of invasion (p=.037) and tumor differentiation (p=.022).
CONCLUSION:
These data suggest that reactivated telomerase may play a significant role in the tumorigenesis of gastric cancer and may reflect the malignant potential of the tumor. It is noteworthy that methacarn- fixed tissue cannot as yet substitute for the frozen tissue in the TRAP assay.
Key words: Telomerase;Methacarn-fixation;Stomach neoplasm
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