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Cancer Research and Treatment > Accepted Articles
doi: https://doi.org/10.4143/crt.2022.871    [Accepted]
Retrospective Cohort Study on the Longterm Oncologic Outcomes of Sentinel Lymph Node Mapping Methods (Dye-Only Versus Dye and Radioisotope Mapping) in Early Breast Cancer: A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis
Changjin Lim1 , Eunhye Kang1, Ji Gwang Jung1, Jong-Ho Cheun1, Hong-Kyu Kim1,2,3, Han-Byoel Lee1,2,3, Hyeong-Gon Moon1,2,3, Wonshik Han1,2,3
1Department of Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
2Biomedical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
3Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence  Wonshik Han ,Tel: 82-2-2072-1958, Fax: 82-2-766-3975, Email: hanw@snu.ac.kr
Received: July 17, 2022;  Accepted: September 25, 2022.  Published online: September 26, 2022.
ABSTRACT
Purpose
In sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy (SLNB) during breast cancer surgery, SLN mapping using dye and isotope (DUAL) may have lower false-negative rates than the dye-only (DYE) method. However, the longterm outcomes of either method are unclear. We aimed to compare longterm oncological outcomes of DYE and DUAL for SLNB in early breast cancer.
Materials and Methods
This retrospective single-institution cohort study included 5,795 patients (DYE, 2,323; DUAL, 3,472) with clinically node-negative breast cancer who underwent SLNB and no neoadjuvant therapy. Indigo carmine was used for the dye method and Tc99m-antimony trisulfate for the isotope. To compare longterm outcomes, pathologic N0 patients were selected from both groups, and propensity score matching (PSM), considering age, pT stage, breast surgery, and adjuvant treatment, was performed (1,441 patients in each group).
Results
The median follow-up duration was 8.7 years. The median number of harvested sentinel nodes was 3.21 and 3.12 in the DYE and DUAL groups, respectively (p=0.112). The lymph node-positive rate was not significantly different between the two groups in subgroups of similar tumor sizes (p>0.05). Multivariate logistic regression revealed that the mapping method was not significantly associated with the lymph node-positive rate (p=0.758). After PSM, the 5-year axillary recurrence rate (DYE 0.8% vs. DUAL 0.6%; p=0.096), and 5-year disease-free survival (DYE 93.9% vs. DUAL 93.7%; p=0.402) were similar between the two groups.
Conclusion
Dye alone for SLNB was not inferior to dual mapping regarding longterm oncological outcomes in early breast cancer.
Key words: Sentinel lymph node biopsy, breast cancer, sentinel lymph node mapping, DUAL sentinel lymph node mapping
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