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J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 27(2); 1995 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 1995;27(2): 331-340.
흉선세포 표면항원에 대한 단클론 항체를 이용한 조혈세포의 기능과 항원의 표현양상 및 생화학적 성질에 관한 연구
박증석, 박성희, 조명환
A Study of the Runctional and Biochemical Charcteristics and Antigenic Expression of Hematopoietic Cells Using Monoclonal Antibodies to a Thymocyte Surface Antigen
Cheung Seog Park, Seong Hoe Park, Myung Hwan Cho
ABSTRACT
In order to investigate functional variation of antigenic epitopes and expression patterns of hematopoietic cells and biachemical characteristics, we produced murine monoclonal antibodies, anti-YG 14 and anti-YG 15, against human thymocytes. We found that these monoclonal antibodies recognized same surface molecule which has been confirmed by immuno-precipitation analysis. This antigen was expressed in peripheral monocytes, subset of T cells, platelets, and epidermis of skin, but not expressed in granulocytes and peripheral B cells. It was approximately 24KDa protein in malecular weight and expressed as monomer. Its expression patterns and biochemical characteristics were similar to those of leukocyte differntiation antigen, CDB. With blocking test, we found out that YG14, YG15 monoclonal antibodies recognized different epitopes of same molecule, using flow cytometry. With the results of colony forming assay, it is very intriguing to see that YG15 monoclonal antibody showed increased colony forming activity but the YG14 monoclonal antibody did not. These results strongly suggest that engagement of different epitopes of same molecule can show different functional activity.
Key words: Antigenic epitope, Monoclonal antibody, Hematopoietic cells, Colony forming activity
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