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J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 27(2); 1995 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 1995;27(2): 165-175.
진행위암환자에서 지속주입 5-Fluorouracil , Doxorubicin , Mitomycin - C ( Modified FAM ) 병용요법과 보조요법의 후향적 비교연구
박준오, 노재경, 정현철, 노현진, 조재용, 라선영, 이종인, 김철우, 김주항, 김충배, 노성훈, 이경식, 민진식, 김병수
A Retrospective Comparison of Infusional 5-Fluorouracil , Doxorubicin , Mitomycin - C ( Modified FAM ) Combination Chemotherapy Versus Palliative Therapy in
Joon Oh Park, Jae Kyung Roh, Hyun Cheol Chung, Hyun Jin Noh, Jae Yong Cho, Sun Young Rha, Chong In Lee, Cheol Woo Kim, Joo Hang Kim, Choong Bai Kim, Sung Hoon Noh, Kyong Sik Lee, Jin Sik Min, Byung S
ABSTRACT
In Korea, gastric cancer is the most common cancer and the leading cause of cancer death. About one-third of the patients with gastric cancer is unresectable at the time of diagnosis. Their median survival is less than 6 months with very poor prognosis. Accordingly, various regimens of chemotherapy have been proposed as intensive treatment for unresectable patients. After MacDonald et aL reported 42% response rate and 9 months response duration using combination of 5-Fluorouracil, Doxorubicin and Mitomycin-CFAM), it became the most widely used regimen in the treatment of advanced gastric cancer. However, despite of high initial response rate, there was no survival benefit in randomised comparative trials. To increase the drug effect, we modified the standard FAM regimen by continuously infusing the 5- Fluorouracil instead of bolus injection(modified FAM). We retrospectively reviewed the clinical recoreds of 409 patients with histologically proven advanced gastric cancer in Yonsei University Medical Center and Yonsei Cencer Center between Jan. 1, 1991 and Dec. 31, 1993. The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy of infusional FAM combination chemotherapy compared with other palliative therapy in advanced gastric cancer. Among 409 patients, 266 were male and 143 were female with a median age of 57-year(range: 15~75). There were 202 patients in mFAM-treated group and 207 patients in control group. In mFAM-treated group, 140 patients had no surgery, 30 patients underwent a palliative bypass and 32 patients underwent a palliative resection. In control group, 151 patients had no surgery, 33 patients underwent a palliative bypass and 23 patients underwent a palliative resection. In preoperative staging, 257 patients had locally advanced disease, 48 had carcinomatosis and 104 had distant metastasis. There was no difference of distribution in age, sex, perfomance status, preoperative stege and treatment modalities between mFAM-treated and control group. 1) Among 154 of evaluable patients, no CRs were observed. PR were seen in 17.5% of patients in mFAM-treated group. The median response duration was 30 weeks and progression free survival was 23 weeks. 2) Higher 1-year survival rate was demonstrated in mFAM-treated group comparing to control group(34.1% vs 22.5)(p=0.0135). 3) Median survival was longer in mFAM-treated group than that of control group(40 week vs 28 week). 4) The toxicities were relatively tolerable and reversible. This results proposed that the infusional FAM combination chemotherapy showed a probalbility of survival pralongation, especially combined with palliative surgery in advanced gastric cancer. Further prospective randomized study will be warranted.
Key words: Advanced gastric cancer, Modified FAM(mFAM), Palliative surgery
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