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J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 26(6); 1994 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 1994;26(6): 926-936.
침윤성 유방암에서 조직분화도와 다른 예후인자와의 상관관계에 관한 연구
김영배, 황태숙, 김준미, 주영채, 조경자, 장자준
Correlation of Tumor Grade and other prognostic factors in Invasive Breast Carcinoma
Young Bae Kim, Tae Sook Hwang, Joon Mee Kim, Young Chae Chu, Kyung Ja Cho, Ja June Jang
The prognostic factors in breast cancer are tumor stage, type, grade, hormonal receptor, tumor proliferative fraction, oncogene, altered growth factor receptor and angiogenesis. Since the first systematic study on grading system of breast cancer was published by Greenhough in 1925, a number of grading systems including Bloom-Richardson's histologic method and Blacks nuclear method have been reported and used. These grading systems have been considered as a classic and important prognostic factor for long time. In spite of this fact, there is a growing tendency that pathologists and clinicians disagree with grading system due to different results for prognosis and lack of reproducibility. Although these earlier analyses indicated that Bloom-Richardsons grade is prognostically more significant than Blacks grade, subsequent analysis indicate the converse. To investigate and evaluate usefulness of Bloom-Richardson grade and Black's grade, we examined the correlation of two grading systems and other estabiished prognostic factors, (i.e, tumor size, status of estrogen receptor, c-erbB-2 oncoprotein, Ki-67 labelling index, axillary nodal metastasis and microvessel count), in 62 cases of infiltrative ductal carcinoma of the breast. 1) Bloom-Richardson's histologic grade had significant correlation in nuclear grade, status of estrogen receptor, and Ki 67 labelling index. Tumor size and c-erbB-2 oncoprotein were also correlated with histologic grade, but it was statistically insignificant. 2) Blacks nuclear grade had also significant correlation in histologic grade, status of estro- gen receptor, c-erbB-2 oncoprotein and Ki 67 labelling index. Tumor size and axillary node metastasis were correlated, but they were statistically insignificant. 3) Metastasis and angiogenesis were not correlated with tumor grade. We could not compare histologic grade with nuclear grade fundamentally, because we failed to pursue patient's survival rate. However tumor grade in breast carcinoma served as a mandatory factor to get insights for status of other established prognostic factors or further prediction of patient's prognosis.
Key words: Prognostic factors, Breast cancer, Bloom-Richardson's grade, Nuclear grade
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