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J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 29(4); 1997 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 1997;29(4): 555-564.
Effects of Interleukin-2 Transduction into the Human Hepatoma Cell Lines Using Retroviral Vector
Soo Jung Gong, Nae Chun Yoo, Joo Hang Kim, Dong Hwan Shin, Hyo Dong Uhm, Sook Jung Jeong, Jae Yong Cho, Sun Young Rha, Yeon Soo Kim, Hyun Cheol Chung, Jae Kyung Roh, Jin Sik Min, Byung Soo Kim
1Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of General Surgery, Yonsei University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Pathology, Yonsei University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
4Yonsei Cancer Center, Yonsei University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
5Yonsei Institute for Cancer Research, Yonsei University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
We compared the differences between parent hepatoma cell lines and interleukin-2 (IL-2) transduced hepatoma cell lines using N2A/IL-2 and LNC/IL-2 retrovirus with regards to in vitro sensitivity to peripheral blood monocytes and in vivo tumorigenic activity.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Retroviral vector and producer cell line were constructed and IL-2 gene was transduced into the human hepatoma cell lines (SK-Hep1, Hep-G2, Hep-3B). IL-2 secretion after IL-2 transduction was measured by ELISA. MTT assay for in vitro sensitivity to peripheral blood monocytes was performed and the tumorigenic activity was observed in BALB/c mice and nude mice.
RESULTS:
IL-2 secretion was 186 pg/10 degrees C cells/24 hrs in SK-Hep1 cell line and was 147 pg/10 (6) cells/24 hrs in Hep-3B cell line with N2A/IL-2 retroviral vector and was 55,000 pg/10 (6) cells/24 hrs with LNC/IL-2 retroviral vector. In vitro sensitivity to peripheral blood monocytes was increased by 163.8~254% in IL-2 transduced hepatoma cell lines (Hep -3B/N2A/IL-2, Hep-G2/N2A/IL-2) compared to those of the parent cell lines. The tumorigenicity was observed in 1 of 3 BALB/c mice and all 3 nude mice. Simultaneous injection of 1 X 10 (7) cells of the parent cell line (Hep-3B) into the right flank and IL-2 transduced cell line (Hep-3B/LNC/IL-2) into the left flank of the three BALB/c mice and of 5 X 10 (5) cells for the three nude mice resulted in a complete regression of the IL-2 modified tumor cell line (Hep-3B/LNC/IL-2) in 3 weeks and the parent cell line (Hep-3B) in 5 weeks. But, after the injection of 1.5 X 10 (7) cells for other five nude mice, the tumor of the IL-2 transduced hepatoma cell line (Hep-3B/LNC/IL-2) was gradually disappeared, and the tumor of the parent hepatoma cell line (Hep-3B) was initially decreased and then gradually regrew 20 days later.
CONCLUSION:
IL-2 transduced hepatoma cell lines secreting IL-2 became more sensitive to peripheral blood monocytes and resulted in the increased antigenicity to the tumors formed by IL-2 transduced hepatoma cell line and parent cell line, and finally resulted in the regression of the tumors in experimental animals.
Key words: Interleukin-2;Hepatoma cell line;Tumor regression
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