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J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 29(4); 1997 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 1997;29(4): 648-655.
Effect of Paclitaxol, Cisplatin, and 5-Flurouracil Chemotherapy in Advanced Stomach Cancer
Yeul Hong Kim, Sang Won Shin, Byung Soo Kim, Jin Ho Kim, Jong Kuk Kim, Young Jae Mok, Jong Suk Kim, Chi Wook Song, Ho Sang Ryu, Jun Suk Kim, Jin Hai Hyun
1Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University, Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Surgery, Korea University, Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
Paclitaxel has not been used widely in gastrointestinal cancers. However, a recent phase II report of paclitaxel in patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma has suggested a possible role of paclitaxel for the treatment of advanced gastric carcinoma. A phase II trial was initiated to determine the clinical utility of a 3 drug combination (paclitaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil) in patients with advanced gastric carcinoma.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Eligibility included biopsy-proven inoperable or relapsed adenocarcinoma of the stomach with adequate bone marrow, hepatic, and renal function. Patients received paclitaxel at 175 mg/m2 (3 hour infusion) on day 1 followed by cisplatin at 20 mg/m2/day infusion and 5-fluorouracil at 750 mg/m2/day continuous infusion for 5 days. Treatment has been repeated in every 4 weeks. Total 31 patients were enrolled; 7 had relapsed disease after resection and 5-fluorouracil based adjuvant chemotherapy, 5 had previous chemotherapy. Twenty-one patients had measurable disease and 9 were evaluable. Demographics included; median age, 47 years (range, 27~64 years); male: female, 21: 10; median performance status 2 (range, 0~4).
RESULTS:
Major responses occurred in 16/30 (53%; 95% confidence interval, 35~71%) patients (2 complete responses, 14 partial responses); 13 of 21 (61.9%) patients with measurable disease and 3 of 9 (33%) evaluable patients. Median response duration was 17 weeks (range, 8~44+ weeks) and median time to progression was 20 weeks (range, 8~51+ weeks). Median survival was 27 weeks (range, 8~72+ weeks). WHO grade 3~4 toxicities included: neutropenia (61.9%), nausea/vomiting (23.8%), mucositis (19%), and diarrhea (9.5%). Grade 2~3 neurotoxicity, fluid retention syndrome, hypersensitive reaction had occurred in 6, 2, and 1 patients, respectively. There was 1 instance of treatment-related death due to sepsis.
CONCLUSION:
This regimen was highly active in advanced gastric carcinoma and had moderate toxicity. However, the response duration was short like other regimens. Considering poor performance status of our patients, this regimen may have strong potential in the neoadjuvant setting.
Key words: Gastric carcinoma;Paclitaxel;Cisplatin;5-Fluorouracil
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