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J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 29(6); 1997 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 1997;29(6): 965-976.
Effects of Lipid Soluble Components of Korean Red Ginseng on Proliferation and Cell Cycle Regulation Factors in Human Melanoma Cell Lines
Hye Jeong Kim, Joo Young Roh, Jong Ouck Choi, Sul Hee Park, In Sun Kim, Jeongwon Sohn, Chong Kun Ryu
1Department of Otolaryngology-H&N Surgery, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Biochemistry, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Patholgy, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
4Department of Dermatology, Hanllym University College of Medicine, Chuncheon, Gangwon Do, Korea.
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
Growth inhibitory effects of lipid soluble components of the Korean red ginseng and the antineoplastic mechanism against human melanoma cell lines were investigated. To examine molecular mechanism of growth inhibitory effects of GX-PE, we analyzed the effect of GX-PE on cell cycle progression and expression of cell cycle regulatory factors such as retinoblastoma gene product (Rb), p27 (Kip1), p21 (WAF1), cdk2, cdk4 and cyclin D1 which are known to regulate cell cycle progression.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Petroleum ether extract of the Korean red ginseng (GX-PE) was added to cultures of three human melanoma cell lines, SK-MEL-1, SK-MEL-2, and SK-MEL-5. Proliferation was measured by 3H-thymidine incorporation assay. Cell cycle and expression of cell cycle regulatory factors were analyzed by flow cytometry and Western blotting, respectively.
RESULTS:
Growth of melanoma cells was inhibited by GX-PE in proportion to the concentration. GX-PE significantly inhibited cell cycle progression at G1 phase. GX-PE increased expression of negative cell cycle regulators, i.e., p27 (Kip1) in SK-MEL-2 and p21 (WAF1) and Rb in SK-MEL-1.
CONCLUSION:
These results suggest that GX-PE inhibits proliferation of melanoma cells at a G1-S transition point of the cell cycle. The effect of GX-PE is most likely due to induction of negative cell cycle regulatory factors.
Key words: Melanoma;Korean red ginseng;p21 (WAF1);p27 (Kip1);Rb
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