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J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 30(1); 1998 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 1998;30(1): 55-62.
Phase 2 Trial of FLP ( 5-FU , Leucovorin , Cisplatin ) Combination Chemotherapy for Advanced Gastric Cancer
Young Iee Park, Moon Hee Lee, Sung Woo Han, Woo Jung Park, Dong Gyu Kim, Jin Lee, Jin Seok Ahn, Jung Ae Rhee, In Sook Woo, Young Suk Park
Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University College of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea.
Advanced gastric cancer, the most common malignancy in Korea is a kind of systemic disease. At dignosis, 50~80% of patients have systemic cancer. Therefore, the most patients require systemic chemotherapy. Cisplatin and 5-FU have been suggested to be active in the treatment of gastric cancer, a high response rate was observered with a combination of 5-FU infusion and cisplatin, and the biochemical modulation of 5-FU by leucovorin has been demonstrated to enhance the activity of 5-FU in gastrointestinal tract cancer.
The patients with advanced gastric cancer whose disease had relapsed or unresectable were treated with 5-FU(800 mg/m2 12 hr IV infusion, D 1~5), leucovorin(20 mg/m2 IV, D 1~5, max. 30 mg), cisplatin(100 mg/m2 15min IV dripping, D1). The cycles of treatment were repeated at 3-weeks intervals.
Between Sep. 1994 and Aug. 1996, previously untreated 44 patients(39 eligible patients) were admitted to this study, the median age was 55 years(range 17~73) and male to female ratio was 20:19. The rate of complete remission was 5%(2/39), the rate of partial remission was 21%(8/39). The median-response duration was 26 weeks(5+~38+ ). The median-time to progression was 25 weeks(4+~62+). The range of overall survival time was from 4 to 62+ weeks. 24 weeks survival rate was 71.5% but the median survival time was not reached. The leukopenia and anemia were the main hematologic toxicities. Non-hematologic side effects were nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomatitis, peripheral neuropathy. These toxicities were observed commnonly, but tolerable. Two treatment-related deaths were associated with sepsis.
Based on these results, FLP combination chemotherapy seems to be a moderate efficacy for advanced gastric cancer with tolerable toxicities. To confirm the efficacy further, the long-term follow up and a large scale of clinical studies are needed.
Key words: FLP combination chemotherapy;Advanced stomach cancer
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