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J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 30(1); 1998 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 1998;30(1): 100-105.
High Dose Cyclophosphamide, Thiotepa, and Carboplatin followed by Autologous Peripheral Stem Cell Rescue in Patients with Responsive Metastatic or High - Risk Primary Breast Cancer
Se Haeng Cho, Sang Hee Kim, Young Joo Min, Sung Joon Choi, Jung Kyun Kim, Tae Won Kim, Jong Soo Choi, Dai Young Zang, Je Hwan Lee, Sung Bae Kim, Cheol Won Suh, Kyoo Hyung Lee, Jung Shin Lee, Woo Kun Kim, Se Hyun Ahn, Jung Mi Park, Sang We Kim
1Department of Internal Medicine, Hemato-Oncology Division, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of General Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Diagnostic Radiology, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul, Korea.
Positive correlation between dosage of antineoplastic agents and tumor response is well demonstrated in advanced breast cancer. But severe bone marrow depression limit the clinical application of high dose chemotherapy. Autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation(PBSCT) after high dose chemotherapy(HDC) was introduced to promote rapid bone marrow recovery. This study was designed to establish the feasibility of combining high dose cyclophosphamide, thiotepa, and carboplatin chemotherapy followed by stem cell rescue in patients with responsive metastatic or high risk primary breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Eligibility criteria included the presence of high risk primary breast cancer(10 or more involved axillary lymph node, n=4), recurrent disease after curative resection(n=6) or stage IV disease at the time of diagnosis(n=1). The responses of recurrent disease to initial chemotherapy were 4 complete responses and 1 partial responses. One recurrent case with solitary pulmonary metastasis underwent metastasectomy and got chemotherapy after operation. Colony stimulating factor was administered to mobilize stem cells from bone marrow to peripheral blood. The stem cell collection was performed 4~10 times(median 4) and the number of collected stem cell was 1.95~7.34x10(8)kg(median 4.87x10(8)/kg). High dose chemotherapy with CTCb (cyclophosphamide 1,500 mg/m2/day, thiotepa 125 mg/m2/day, carboplatin 200 mg/m2/ day) was performed from day -7 to day -4 and peripheral stem cell infusion was performed on day 0 as planned. RESULT: Eleven patients were enrolled in this study. Their median age was 39 years old. The median time for bone marrow recovery was 11 days for neutrophil(>500/mm2) and 28 days for platelet(>50,000/mm2). Packed red blood cell and platelet transfusion were performed in 11 patients. The group whose infused mononuclear cell count was less than 4.0 x 10(8)/kg(n=9) needed longer time for bone marrow recovery than those(n=2) who had more than 4.0 x 10(8)/kg( 20 vs 13 day, p < 0.05 ). For non-hematologic toxicity, none have experienced toxicity more than grade III. There were 2 recurrences of 4 cases with high risk breast cancer at the 22 th, and 25 th month but they are still alive at the 28 th, and 29 th month each. The other 2 cases are alive without recurrences at the 18 th, and 20 th months each. In the recurrent disease group, one case who showed partial response to initial chemotherapy recurred at the 4 th month and died at the 13 th month after PBSCT. The other 5 cases are alive without recurrence at the 1st, 3 rd, 3 rd, 5 th, and 31 th month each. One case with stage IV disease(bone metastasis) is alive without evidence of progression at the 3 rd month.
High dose chemotherapy with PBSCT can be performed safely. Long term survival of patients with advanced breast cancer would be possible by PBSCT after HDC. Further clinical trials based on larger patient population is required to evaluate clinical efficacy of PBSCT after HDC in high risk and recurrent breast cancer.
Key words: Peripheral stem cell transplantation;Breast cancer;High dose chemotherapy
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