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J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 30(3); 1998 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 1998;30(3): 599-607.
Limb - Conserving Surgery and Interstitial Brachytherapy Plus External Radiation Therapy in Extremity Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Yong Chan Ahn, Do Hoon Lim, Jai Gon Seo, Moon Kyung Kim, Hong Gyun Wu, Dae Young Kim, Seung Jae Huh
1Department of Radiation Oncology, Samsung Medical Center, College of Medicine, SungKyunKwan University.
2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, College of Medicine, SungKyunKwan University.
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
In order to avoid functional disability that may be caused by radical excision or amputation in extremity soft tissue sarcomas, authors employed limb-conserving surgery together with extemal radiation therapy plus interstitial brachytherapy.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
From June 1995 to Febrary 1997, 10 extremity soft tissue sarcoma patients were treated with limb-conserving surgery and external radiation therapy plus interstitial brachytherapy. In six patients, whose histologic diagnoses were made at the time of surgery, wide or marginal excision and interstitial brachytherapy was done 4 weeks before postoperative external radiation therapy. In four patients whose histologic confinnations were done before definitive treatment, preoperative external radiation therapy was given 4 weeks before surgery and interstitial brachytherapy. The types of surgery were wide excision in five patients, and marginal excision in five patients. Gross or microscopic residual was left at the surgical resection margins in four patients. The brachytherapy dose ranged from 17.5 Gy to 24 Gy and external beam radiation did from 40 Gy to 45 Gy.
RESULTS:
With the median follow-up duration of 21.5 months(range: 13 to 29 months); one local recurrence, and three new distant metastases were observed. There were three patients with wound complications attributable to the current treatment regimen.
CONCLUSION:
Satisfactory local tumor control may be achievable with limb-conserving surgery and external radiation therapy plus brachytherapy in patients with extremity soft tissue sarcomas, while more caution should be used to avoid wound problems.
Key words: Extremity soft tissue sarcoma;Brachytherapy;Limb-conserving surgery
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