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J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 30(4); 1998 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 1998;30(4): 818-826.
COPP/ABV Hybrid Chemotherapy in Pateints with Hodgkin's Disease
Jin Seok Ahn, Keun Seok Lee, Jong Tae Lee, Seok Ah Lim, Dae Seok Heo, Young Joo Bang, Sun Yang Park, Byung Kook Kim, No Kyung Kim
Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
MOPP/ABV hybrid regimen incorporates MOPP and ABVD into a single regimen on the tenets of the Goldie-Coldman hypothesis. This study was performed to determine the efficacy of COPP/ABV hybrid regimen, in which cyclophosphamide was substituted for mechlorethamine, in patients with advanced Hodgkin's disease.
Patients with advanced Hodgkin's disease were treated with cyclophosphamide(600 mg/m2 iv, Dl), vincristine(1.4 mg/m2 iv, D1), procarbazine(100 mg/m2/d po, D1-7), prednisolone(40 mg/m2/d po D1-14), doxorubicin(35 mg/m2 iv, D8), bleomycin(10 mg/m2 iv, D8) and vinblastine(6 mg/m2 iv, D8). The treatment was repeated every 4 weeks.
Between Aug. 1989 and Aug. 1996, 28 patients were enrolled. The median age was 33 years. Twenty one(75%) were previously untreated, newly diagnosed patients and 7(25%) were those who had relapsed after previous radiotherapy(RT). The common histologic types were nodular sclerosis(46%) and mixed cellularity(36%). Twenty three (82%) patients achieved complete remission(CR), three(11%) with the assistance of involved-field RT. Only one patient was primary treatment failure. The median follow-up duration was 56 months. Of the 23 patients achieving CR, three(13%) relapsed. Five-year relapse-free survival was 84.4%. Eight patients died. Five-year overall survival rate was 66.6% and 5-year failure-free survival rate was 66.3%. The survival rate of those who had relapsed after previous RT was significantly lower than that of newly diagnosed patients(P=0.03). The hematologic toxicities were common, but nonhernatologic toxicities were uncommon. Five patients died of treatment-related pneumonia or sepsis. Among them, four were those who had relapsed after previous RT.
COPP/ABV hybrid regimen could cure significant proportion of patients with advanced Hodgkin's disease but the treatment-related mortality was high, especially in those who had relapsed after previous RT. Another regimen should be considered for those who received previous RT.
Key words: COPP/ABV hybrid;Hodgkins disease;Radiotherapy
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