| Home | E-Submission | Sitemap | Contact Us |  
J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 30(4); 1998 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 1998;30(4): 842-852.
The Effect of Cytosine Arabinoside and Daunorubicin(AD) Combination Chemotherapy in Acute Myelogeous Leukemia
Chang Hoon Moon, Sung Hyun Kim, Hyung Ryoul Park, Jung Hwan Cho, Hyok Chan Kwon, Jae Seok Kim, Hyo Jin Kim
Department of Internal Medicine, Dong-A University Hospital, Pusan, Korea.
Important advances in the treatment of acute myelogenous leukemia have been made with the introduction of cytosine arabinoside(ara-C) and anthracycline(daunorubicin) over the past 20 years. Currently, 50 to 85% of patients with acute myelogenous leukemia achieve complete remission with induction chemotherapy consisting of ara-C and daunorubicin. About 25% of complete responders will have extended long-term survival and may be cured. Therefore we treated patients having acute myelogenous leukemia with AD(7+3) regimen and analyzed factors complete remission rate, remission duration, and survival duration.
Induction therapy; Thirty seven patients with previously untreated acute myelogenous leukemia treated with AD(7+ 3) regimen(ara-C, 200 mg/m2/d by continuous infusion for seven days, and daunorubicin, 45 mg/m2/d for 3 days). The second course of therapy was AD(5+2), if the patients failed to enter remission. Consolidation therapy; three cycles of consolidation chemotherapy were administrated with at least 4 week interval following remission. Course 1; ara-C at 100 mg/m2 by continuous infusion every 12 hour for five days, 6-thioguanine at 100 mg/m2/day orally for 5 days. Course 2; ara-C is same as course 1, vincristine at 1.2 mg/m2(maximum 2 mg) by bolus injection for 1 day, prednisolone at 40 mg/m'(maximum 60 mg) orally for 5 days. Course 3; ara-C is same as course 1, daunorubicin at 45 mg/m2 by 1 hour infusion for 2 days. RESULT: 62.2 percent of the 37 patients entered complete remission. The remission duration for all patients in complete remission ranged from 2 months to 63+ months, with the median of 15.1 months. The median duration of survival in complete responder group was 23.3 months. Among various prognostic factors, females and groups with normal chromosome and t(8;21) or t(15;17) had significantly higher complete remission rate than males and groups with other chromosomal abnormalities, respectively. Factors influencing on survival duration were female, normal chromosome, t(8;21) or t(15;17), Auer rod-positive, and peripheral blast % less than 50% at diagonosis. Groups with Auer rod-positive, normal chromosome, and t(8;21) or t(15;17) also had significantly longer remission duration.
Combination chemotherapy with cytosine arabinoside and daunorubicin is a effective regimen for acute myelogenous leukemia as much as other regimen for acute myelogenous leukemia. Further clinical trials for effective treatment regimen are necessary to increase the complete remissioin rate.
Key words: Acute myelogenous leukemia;AD regimen;Prognostic factors
Editorial Office
Korean Cancer Association
Room 1824, Gwanghwamun Officia
92 Saemunan-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03186, Korea
TEL: +82-2-3276-2410   FAX: +82-2-792-1410   E-mail: journal@cancer.or.kr
About |  Browse Articles |  Current Issue |  For Authors and Reviewers
Copyright © Korean Cancer Association.                 Developed in M2PI