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J Korean Cancer Assoc > Volume 30(5); 1998 > Article
Journal of the Korean Cancer Association 1998;30(5): 997-1004.
Role of AP-1 Transcriptional Regulation of Vimentin Gene during 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-Acetate Differentiation of HL-60 Cells
Kyu Lim, Jin Hee Kim, Do Won Kweon, Sung Min Kim, Myung Sun Lee, Kyung Ah Yun, Mee Young Son, Jong Il Park, Wan Hee Yoon, Byung Doo Hwang
1Department of Biochemistry, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea.
2Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea.
3Department of Cancer Research Institute, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea.
To gain insight on the role of AP-1 in transcriptional regulation of vimentin gene during differentiation of HL-60 cells by 12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), the levels of vimentin mRNA and AP-1 have been investigated with Northern blot hybridization and DNA mobility shift assay.
HL-60 cells were grown in RPMI 1640 medium supplemented with 10% heat-inactivated fetal calf serum and antibiotics in a humidified 5% CO2 at 37 degree C. Total RNA was prepared by a modification of the method of Karlinsey et al. Northern blot hybridization was performed by the method of Virca et al. EcoRI fragment of pVIM-GEM was used as probe for vimentin mRNA. DNA mobility shift assay was performed by the method of Lim et al. End labeled DNA probe(Upper strand, 5'-CGCTTGATGAGTCAGCCG- 3') for AP-1 binding activity was mixed with nuclear extracts in a 20 microliter reaction volume containing 300 mM KC1, 60 mM HEPES, pH 7.9, 25 mM MgCl2, 1 mM EDTA, 1 mM DTT, 60% glycerol, and 2 microgram of poly[dI-dC].
TPA increased vimentin mRNA levels, with maxima1 stimulation reached at 24 hr. The level of vimentin mRNA was induced in proportion to the concentration of TPA. TPA-induced vimentin mRNA was almost reduced by actinomycin-D pretreatment. TPA- induced stimulation of vimentin gene was completely reduced by staurosporin pretreatment. In DNA mobility shift assay, AP-I newly appeared at 24 hr during TPA- induced differentiation and was almost not detected after the pretreatment of staurosporin.
These results suggest that the induction of vimentin mRNA during TPA- dependent differentiation in HL-60 cells may be mediated by protein kinases C signal transduction and AP-1 is important to transcriptional regulation.
Key words: Vimentin;AP-1;Staurosporin;TPA;HL-60
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